Ovarian Cancer: Signs, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Ovarian Cancer: Signs, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer in women, and it’s also one of the deadliest. This type of cancer grows from cells in the ovaries and spreads to other parts of the body. If left unchecked, ovarian cancer can grow into a deadly form that may not be curable. 

 

Fortunately, there are some symptoms that people with this type of cancer have, which make it easier for doctors to diagnose them early on before they spread outside their reproductive organs. In this article, we will help you identify the symptoms and make a doctor appointment timely. 

 

Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer

There are some symptoms people with ovarian cancers have which make them easier for doctors to diagnose before they spread outside their reproductive organs:

  • Persistent pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Feeling full quickly when eating even just a small amount
  • A change in bowel habits (constipation or diarrhoea)
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding (including menopause)
  • postmenopausal stomach discomforts such as gas bloating or indigestion
  • Pelvic pressure or pain during or after sex

 

Diagnosis Of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer can be diagnosed in the following ways:

 

Imaging Test: The best gynaecologist in Delhi may prescribe a CT scan or ultrasound of the pelvis and abdomen region. It helps in determining the shape, size and structure of the ovaries.

 

Pelvic Exam: In the exam, the doctor inserts fingers into the vagina and presses the other hand over the abdomen to feel the pelvic organs. Moreover, the doctor may also visually examine the genitalia, cervix and vagina.

 

Blood Test: It includes an organ function test that can help in determining your overall health. And, the doctor may also test your blood for tumour markers that signify the presence of ovarian cancer.

 

Biopsy: It is critical for determining the presence of cancer. In this, the doctor will take a small tissue sample from the ovaries to check for any cancer cells. It can be done using a needle, which is guided by an ultrasound or a CT scan. 

 

Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer

Treatment of ovarian cancer depends on the type of cancer and its severity.

If you are diagnosed with ovarian cancer, your doctor will recommend treatments that can help to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells and relieve any symptoms caused by them. The best gynaecologist in south Delhi will treat Ovarian cancers with the following treatment options: 

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a form of drug treatment that kills fast-growing cells. If you are diagnosed with ovarian cancer, your doctor will recommend a chemotherapy treatment that can help to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells and relieve any symptoms caused by them.

 

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy works by providing medications that fight certain vulnerabilities within the cancer cells. It generally treats cancer that has returned after the initial treatment. The doctor will determine the cancer cell to decide which target therapy is right for your condition.

 

Surgery To Treat Ovarian Cancer

 

Surgery to treat ovarian cancer may be the best option for you if it has been diagnosed early on and can help lower your chances of having a recurrence. There are different operations to treat ovarian cancer that include:

 

  • At an early stage of cancer where it has not been spread beyond a single ovary, the surgery may only remove the affected ovary.
  • In case cancer has spread to both the ovaries, then the doctor would perform the surgery to remove both the ovaries.
  • In some cases where the cancer is extensive, the doctor may remove your ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. Additionally, the professional may also remove the lymph nodes and omentum as well.

 

Palliative Care

Palliative care helps in relieving symptoms and pain, improving quality of life as well as alleviating any mental stress or anxiety related to the cancer diagnosis. It is provided along with the primary treatment as an additional support program. The palliative care team focuses on improving the quality of your life.

 

The Bottom Line 

Ovarian cancer is a serious issue that needs immediate medical attention. The earlier the issue is detected, the less complicated its treatment will be. Therefore, you need to be aware of the symptoms. And, if you experience some of the symptoms persistently, make a doctor appointment and get yourself checked.